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Tuesday, 23 October 2012

History of Traditional Hanbok!!(Buzz Korea)


Hanbok means the traditional unique clothes of Korean people since ages.
It is often characterized by vibrant colors and simple lines without pockets.

Hanbok goes with any person who wear them whether he or she is skinny 
or fleshy because Hanbok is made with proper room and it makes the person 
who wear them feel very comfortable because Hanbok have enough space and combination between straight line and curve of Hanbok, which look like to express Korean nature as it is, show beauty as well as elegance!

Girl's Generation In Hanbok!



History of Hanbok


The historical moment that Korean people started to wear Hanbok is not told to this day exactly.
Hanbok was already adjusted in the Ancient Gojoseon Dynasty according to the literature and the history of our clothes Hanbok began in earnest from the Age of Three States.
The shape of Hanbok in early stage is found in Ancient Goguryeo-era
Muyongchong Tombs Mural of the ancient Goguryeo Dynasty,
and it is recognized that the original form of Chima (skirt) and Jeogori,
which are basic structure of Hanbok, are formed in this era, as both of men and women wore the top with long sleeves which are equivalent to the Jeogori, trousers and Chima.

Hanbok showed the modification as the length of arms and sleeves are shortened in Goryeo Dynasty after passing Unified Silla Dynasty, it is corrected firmly as the basic structure of our clothes for the ordinary people.
The typical example is Otgoreum (coat string), which appeals Western person,
the modification like the appearance of Sildanchu (button with string)
as preliminary shape of Otgoreum, instead that belt is disappeared for long adjust, was occurred in this period.

The difference of style between the men and women clothing widened from the Joseon Dynasty,that wasn’t different largely with each other until the Age of Three States and the Goryeo Dynasty.
The most remarkable example of the change is Jeogori for women.
Jeogori with enough space in the early Joseon Dynasty became more short and narrow after the late 16th century. The image of Hanbok people usually recalls is the style of this period and the shortening of Jeogori had been intensified until the last Joseon Dynasty but recently it is getting back its original feature.
Hanbok of 2,000 years of history slowly disappeared from mainstream society
as the official uniforms of the government had been changed to western style in 1895 and gave its position as everyday dress to western clothes through industrialization after the Japanese colonial era and the Korean War.

But, Hanbok is still remained in one part of daily life of Korean people
and it is always together with the important events of one’s life.
The first cloth after the birth is Baenaetjeogori, and babies wear Saekdong-dolbok at their first birthday which has the meaning of smooth life.
People wear Honrye-bok for their wedding ceremony and the dead body is worn Sueui while the remained family wear Sang-bok.
Recently there are various styles of Hanbok which has a combination of western style and Korean traditional designs and people enjoying convenient Hanbok are gradually increasing
Types of Hanbok

Hanbok has basically separated structure of top and bottom.
It can be divided to clothes for adults and kids and differentiated for seasons.
There is also separation of formal dress and everyday dress.

For Male
Basic compositions of Hanbok for male adults are Baji (trousers) and Jeogori.
After wearing Baji for bottom and Jeogori for top, they wore Jokki, Magoja, Durumagi (or Dopo) and Gat (or Gwan). The compositions for events as wedding, memorial service and funeral were also different from them. They wore white Durumagi or Dopo with Gat and wore Sang-bok for funeral.
They wore Danryeong which was a uniform of officers regardless of their class
at the wedding ceremony.




For Female 
There are Chima for bottom, Jeogori for top and Magoja and Durumagi for coat for female adults.

Sometimes they wore Baeja on Jeogori and they usually wore Teol-baeja in winter.They wore Hwalot or Wonsam which were the dress of women in the palace for wedding ceremony and wore Sang-bok for funeral. In 19th century when the length of Jeogori was extremely short,they wore Sok-jeoksam and Heoritti together with Jeogori.


For Boys 
The everyday dresses for boys were same as those of male adults but they wore Bokgeon on the head. Hanbok for only kids is Dol-bok for the first birthday.Boys wore Heoritti (belt) which a lucky bag is attached and a leopard printed Hogeon.They also wore a clothes named Obangjang Durumagi with the color of red, yellow, blue and white which has the meaning of bless of the life of the boy.




For Girls it Consists of Chima, Jeogori, Baeja and Durumagi for everyday dresses and wear Gule on the head to prevent from cold weather. Girls also wear  Obangjang Durumagi at their first birthday to wish their luck.

Composition of Hanbok

Jeogori 
It is a basic top cloth of Hanbok composed of body, collar, outer collar at the adjusting part,and sleeves. It is separated for men and women and is varied to materials, the way it is made and the shapes.


Chima (Skirt)

Chima is a basic bottom wear for women and is simply composed of body, belt and rope.There are Hot-chima, Gyeop-chima and Nubi-chima for Geot-chima which is an everyday dress and there are Mujigi and Daesum-chima for Sok-chima(inner skirt).Seuran-chima and Daeran-chima are for formal dresses.There are Pul-chima and Tong-chima varied by its shape of the skirt hem.

Baji (Trousers)
Baji is a basic bottom wear for men since the Age of the Three States.They wore Heoritti (belt) and Daenim (belt for ankle). Women also wore Baji named “Go” in the Age of Three States but later they became to wear mainly Chima and Baji was worn as an inner dress.


Durumagi
The outer cloth of Hanbok and it is a cloth for going out.

People certainly wore Durumagi for going out then but recently it has got the position as a formal dress that it has been worn at the event as memorial services, Sebae (the New Year’s greetings) and Dol-janchi of babies. The types of Durumagi are separated for seasons.
Gyeop-durumagi is for spring and fall, Hot-durumagi is for summer and Som-durumagi is for winter.
The name of Durumagi came from the meaning that all sides are blocked.

Baeja
It is a cloth worn over Jeogori and has a shape of a vest without buttons.

It looks similar with Magoja but it has no sleeves.
It is for both men and women and cotton or wool are put in Baeja in winter.
It is separated as Jang-baeja and Dan-baeja to its length.

Beoseon 
They correspond to the socks of these days and both men and women wore them. They were worn with be distinguished with the thingwhich has a stitching on right direction in it is for right foot,and has it on left direction is for left foot separately.

They are classified as straight-Beoseon and laid-Beoseon according to the shape, and as Som-beoseon, Gyeop-beoseon, Hot-beoseon, Nubi-beoseon and
Tarae-beoseon according to the sewing skill. And it was called as Jokeui
which means clothes for feet.

Dangui
It is a cloth worn over Jeogori and has a shape of a long vest. Kind of women's  a court dress.Queens, concubines, maids their wounded. Heavy load of classes, depending on the decoration is different.
Wedding Hanbok
By Seeing Such Colorful Hanbok no one can't resists trying them & Buy when visiting Korea.  

2 comments:

  1. Yap, Hanbok is really beautiful! i always wanna wear it with various color :D

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Wow In-fact you have already wore Hanbok :)

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